As IDP camps closed, people headed out to find new places of stay, some resettled in new locations while others returned to where they had been displaced from. The resettled found themselves confronted with the challenge of accessing land for production while the returned found themselves with land that had various caveats. Both categories aimed to have secure tenure to the land they accessed, which should have guaranteed personal development plans, which in turn should have guided production activities in a manner that would have led to incomes that at the very least should have been sufficient to sustain their households. Using panel data collected in 2012, 2013 and 2014 this paper interrogates which group along with a control was better placed to reap the fruits of secure tenure. The paper concludes that tenure arrangements that are individual and more formal even within customary tenure are more efficiency-oriented.
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